Ok, so Canada elected a conservative government again, meaning that the Conservative Party of Canada (a merger of the former right-centre Progressive Conservative Party and far-right Canadian Alliance) won more seats than the other parties. However, they did not win more than all other parties combined, which means that they have a minority government. In such a parliamentary system, the Prime Minister is the leader of the party who won the most seats, although his party may still be a minority in parliament.
There is now talk of a coalition government between the left-centre Liberal Party and the left New Democratic Party. Together, these two parties still would not have more seats than the Conservative Party, but with the support of the Quebec-only Bloc Québécois, they could be given the chance to govern.
There is some talk on the news and on forums that such a move would be undemocratic since the Conservative Party was elected and has a clear mandate from the people. What do Canadians want? Here are the data from the recent election (via Wikipedia).
|Conservative Party of Canada||Right||143||5,208,796||37.65%|
|Liberal Party of Canada||Left-centre||77||3,633,185||26.26%|
|New Democratic Party||Left||37||2,515,561||18.18%|
|Green Party||Far left||0||937,613||6.78%|
|Liberal + NDP + Green||Left||114||7,086,359||51.22%|